Genetic manipulation of lignin reduces recalcitrance and improves ethanol production from switchgrass.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Mar 1; 108(9):3803-8
Fu C, Mielenz JR, Xiao X, Ge Y, ..., Ragauskas A, Bouton J, Dixon RA, Wang ZY. Fu C, Mielenz JR, Xiao X, Ge Y, Hamilton CY, Rodriguez M, Chen F, Foston M, Ragauskas A, Bouton J, Dixon RA, Wang ZY. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Mar 1; 108(9):3803-8
High lignin levels are generally regarded as undesirable in plant biofuel production. In this notable recent study, alfalfa caffeic acid O-methyltransferase was downregulated, resulting in plants with slightly reduced lignin, but modified composition that significantly reduced the severity of pretreatment and the amount of enzymes...
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