Medical Genetics | Immune Response | Pregnancy, Labor, Delivery & Postpartum Care | Reproductive Immunology | Anemias & Hypocellular Marrow Disorders
Two atypical severe CDA forms presenting as hydrops foetalis are caused by mutations in the SEC23B gene
Elisa Fermo, Paola Bianchi, Cristina Vercellati, Wilma Barcellini, Carla Boschetti, Anna Paola Marcello, Alberto Zanella*
*Corresponding author: Alberto Zanella
U.O. Ematologia 2, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milano, Italy
F1000Posters 2010, 1: 63 (poster) [ENGLISH]
Poster [796.69 KB]
51st American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting 2009, 5 - 8 Dec 2009, 1981
We sought to ascertain whether atypical CDAII-like forms presenting as hydrops foetalis could be caused by mutations in SEC23B gene and reclassified as CDAII. Both the investigated patients displayed mutations in SEC23B gene: mutations c.325 G>A/ c.2101 C>T in patient 1 and c.325 G>A/ c.197G>A in patient 2 (Glu109Lys/ Arg701Cys and Glu109Lys/ Cys66Tyr, respectively).
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemias (CDAs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis. No CDAII cases were previously described associated with hydrops foetalis. In the past we described two cases presenting with hydrops foetalis and very severe anemia that were classified as atypical CDAs since they presented CDAII-like erythroblastic morphological features lacking other diagnostic CDAII markers. Very recently we and others (Bianchi et al. 2009; Schwarz et al. 2009) demonstrated that mutations in SEC23B gene, coding for a protein involved in the coat protein complex responsible for vesicle budding from the endoplasmic reticulum, cause CDA II.
Two patients from unrelated families with a history of intrauterine death of hydropic foetuses in previous pregnancies were referred at 20th week gestation following ultrasonic diagnosis of foetal hydrops and severe anemia (2.0 and 1.3 g/dL Hb, respectively). In both cases intrauterine transfusions enabled the delivery of the babies. At birth both of them underwent extensive laboratory evaluation (including red cell metabolism and membrane proteins analysis) that was not informative on the causes of anemia. Ham test was repeatedly normal as for Western blotting analysis for GRP78 and glycosylation pattern of red cell band 3. The bone marrow examination revealed the presence of 30 and 48% of bi- or multinucleated erythroblasts, some of whom presenting typical double outer membranes at transmission electron microscopy. The 20 exons and intronic flanking regions of SEC23B gene were analyzed by direct sequencing.
We report two patients with very severe congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia presenting with hydrops foetalis, previously classified as “atypical” CDAs since they presented CDAII-like erythroblastic morphological features lacking other diagnostic CDAII markers. Molecular characterization of SEC23B gene, recently described as responsible of CDAII, revealed the presence of Glu109Lys/Arg701Cys and Glu109Lys/Cys66Tyr mutations, respectively. This finding leads to a re-classification of these cases and underlines phenotypic heterogeneity of CDAII, demonstrating for the first time that CDAII may be associated with hydrops foetalis and intrauterine death.
SEC23B gene analysis allowed the correct classification of two very severe CDA cases associated with hydrops foetalis. This finding indicates that CDAII may result in intrauterine death and its frequency may therefore be underestimated. These cases may present as “atypical” for the lack of band3 hypoglycosylation likely due to the early sequestration of the more severely affected cells.
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