Anxiety Disorders | Methods for Diagnostic & Therapeutic Studies | Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Effectiveness of preventive CBGT and CBM in socially anxious adolescents
Esther Sportel*, Eva de Hullu, Peter de Jong, Maaike Nauta
*Corresponding author: Esther Sportel
Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), Groningen, Netherlands
F1000Posters 2012, 3: 679 (poster) [English]
Poster [9.02 MB]
Prevention of Adolescent Social and Test Anxiety: Pasta Project Symposium 2011, 6 Oct 2011, P000
Social anxiety is among the most frequent and serious disorders in adolescence and adulthood. Almost 5% of all boys and 10% of all girls
meet the DSM-IV criteria at some point in their lifes. The consequences of social anxiety can be severe, for example comorbid disorders,
social isolation and alcohol and drug abuse. Early determination of at risk adolescents and providing this group with a preventive training
might help in stopping the development of social anxiety.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBGT) and cognitive behavior modification (CBM) are effective training methods for social anxiety compared to a no treatment control group at 6 months follow up. At posttest however, there is no significant difference between training and control condition. This could be due to ‘regression toward the mean’ or participation effect. In prevention studies this lack of effect at posttest is not uncommon.
CBGT and CBM are possible training methods in social anxiety. Whether they prevent the onset of actual disorder should become more clear at 12- and 24 month follow-up.
No relevant competing interests disclosed.
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